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阅读理解题节选

[08-24]   来源:http://www.inkjetremix.com  阅读技巧   阅读:734

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Robert Owen was born in Wales in 1771. At the age of ten he went to work. His employer had a large private library so Owen was able to educate himself. He read a lot in his spare time and at nineteen he was given the job of superintendent(监工) at a Manchester cotton mill. He was so successful there that he persuaded his employer to buy the New Lanark mill in Scotland.
When he arrived at New Lanark it was a dirty little town with a population of 2,000 people. Nobody paid any attention to the workers' houses or their children's education. The conditions in the factories were very bad. There was a lot of crime and the men spent most of their wages on alcoholic drinks.
Owen improved the houses. He encouraged people to be clean and save money. He opened a shop and sold the workers cheap, well-made goods to help them. He limited the sale of alcoholic drinks. Above all, he fixed his mind on the children's education. In 1816 he opened the first free primary school in Britain.
People came from all over the country to visit Owen's factory. They saw that the workers were healthier and more efficient than in other towns. Their children were better fed and better educated. Owen tried the same experiment in the United States. He bought some land there in 1825,but the community was too far away. He could not keep it under control and lost most of his money.
Owen never stopped fighting for his idea. Above all he believed that people are not born good or bad. He was a practical man and his ideas were practical. "If you give people good working conditions," he thought, "they will work well and, the most important thing of all, if you give them the chance to learn, they will be better people."
56. For Owen, his greatest achievement in New Lanark was _____________.
A. improving worker's houses B. helping people to save money
C. preventing men from getting drunk D. providing the children with a good education
57. From the passage we may infer that Owen was born ___________.
A. into a rich family B. into a noble family
C. into a poor family D. into a middle class family
58. Owen's experiment in the United States failed because _______.
A. he lost all his money
B. he did not buy enough land
C. people who visited it were not impressed
D. it was too far away for him to organize it properly
59. We may infer form the passage that no children in Britain could enjoy free education until ____.
A. 1771 B. 1816 C. 1825 D. 1860
罗伯特·欧文在威尔士出生在1771。10岁时,他就去上班了。他的雇主有一个很大的私人图书馆那么欧文能够自我教育的时候。他读了很多在业余时间和19岁时,他得到了那份工作的管理者(监工)在曼彻斯特纱厂。他非常成功,他说服了他的雇主购买新Lanark轧机在苏格兰。
  当他到达了新的Lanark是一个肮脏的小市镇,有2000人。没有人注意到工人的住房和他们的孩子的教育。在工厂的情况非常糟糕。有很多人的罪的工价、含酒精的饮料。
  欧文改进的房子。他鼓励人们要清洁和省钱。他开了一家商店出售商品,做工考究的廉价工人来帮他们。他限制出售含酒精的饮料。首先,他的心在孩子的教育。他开了第一个在1816年在英国的自由小学。
  人们来自全国各地的访问,欧文的工厂。他们看见那工人更健康、更高效的比其他城镇。他们的孩子被更好的喂养和受过良好教育。欧文试着同样的实验,在美国。他买了一块土地在1825年,但是这个社区是太远了。他不能把它控制和失去了他的钱。
  欧文从来没有停止战斗为他的想法。首先,他相信人并不是生来就是好或坏。他是一个现实的人,他的想法是实用的。“如果你给人良好的工作环境,”他想,“他们会合作得很好,并且最重要的,如果你给他们机会去学习,他们将会变得更好。”
  56。对于欧文,他最大的成就是在新Lanark _____________。
  答:提高工人的房屋b帮助人们为了省钱
  c d预防男性的孩子提供喝醉酒和良好的教育
  57。从这段话我们可以推断,欧文出生___________。
  答:到一个富有的家庭b变成一个贵族家庭
  d c进入一个贫穷的家庭一个中产阶级家庭
  58。欧文的实验在美国之所以失败,是因为_______。
  他丢了他所有的钱
  他没有买到足够的土地
  人们参观不是给人留下了深刻的印象
  D。它离得太远了,他安排妥当
  59。我们可以推断,没有孩子的形式在英国可以享受免费教育直到____。
  答:1771 b 1816年之d 1825年
 


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